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    Billy Budd

    Santa Fe Opera


    Five years after Peter Grimes, Benjamin Britten returned to sagas of the sea in Billy Budd, the tale of a seraphic young sailor’s fall from grace. Teddy Tahu Rhodes makes his Santa Fe debut in the title role, with Peter Rose as the malignant John Claggart and William Burden as “Starry Vere,” the naval commander who must make life’s ultimate choice.


    The action takes place during the French Revolutionary Wars, in 1797, on board the HMS Indomitable, a two-decked battleship with seventy-four cannons.

    Captain Edward Fairfax Vere, an old man, reflects on his life and his time in the navy. He is tormented by guilt over the case of Billy Budd on board his ship, the HMS Indomitable, some years earlier.

    Act 1
    The crew of the Indomitable works on deck. For bumping into an officer, the novice is sentenced to be flogged. A cutter approaches, returning from a merchant ship where it has pressed three sailors into England's navy.
    One of them, Billy Budd, seems overjoyed with his situation—unlike the other two who are not so happy. Claggart, the master-at-arms, calls him "a find in a thousand," despite his slight stammer. Billy says farewell to the Rights o' Man, his former ship, unaware of what his words imply. The officers take his words as a deliberate provocation and order the men below decks. Claggart tells Squeak, the ship's corporal, to keep an eye on Billy and give him a rough time.
    The novice returns from his flogging, unable to walk. Billy is shocked at the cruelty of the punishment, but is certain that if he follows the rules he will be in no danger. Dansker, an old sailor, nicknames Billy "Baby Budd" for his innocence and tells him Vere’s nickname—“Starry Vere”—which is enough for the impulsive Billy to swear his loyalty to the unseen captain.
    In his cabin, Vere muses over classical literature. His officers enter, and they discuss the revolution in France and the recent mutinies in the British Navy sparked by French ideas of democracy. The officers warn that Billy may cause trouble, but Vere dismisses their fears.

    The sailors rough-house below decks, but old Dansker remains gloomy. Billy goes for some tobacco to cheer him up, and discovers Squeak rifling through his kit. In a rage, Billy begins to stammer. He knocks Squeak to the ground as Claggart and the corporals enter. Billy is still unable to speak, but Claggart takes his side and sends Squeak to the brig. However, when alone, Claggart reveals his hatred for Billy and vows to destroy him. He orders the novice to try to bribe Billy into joining a mutiny, and the broken-spirited novice quickly agrees. Billy refuses the bribe and believes he will be rewarded, but Dansker warns him to beware of Claggart.

    Act 2
    Claggart begins to tell Vere about the danger that Billy represents, but is interrupted by the sighting of a French ship. The Indomitable attacks, but loses the enemy in the mist. Claggart returns, and tells Vere that Billy may attempt to organize a mutiny. Vere does not believe him and sends for Billy so that Claggart may confront him.
    Later, in Vere's cabin, Claggart repeats the false charge to Billy's face. Once again, Billy begins to stammer in rage. Unable to speak, he strikes Claggart, killing him. The Captain convenes an immediate court-martial; the officers find Billy guilty and sentence him to hang. Billy begs Vere to save him, and the officers appeal to him for guidance, but Vere remains silent and accepts their verdict. He goes into the cabin where Billy is being held, and the orchestra suggests a tender offstage meeting as the captain informs Billy of the sentence.

    Billy prepares for his execution in his cell. Dansker brings him a drink and reveals that the crew is willing to mutiny for his sake, but Billy is resigned to his fate. Four o'clock that morning, the crew assembles on deck, and Billy is brought out. The Articles of War are read, and show that Billy must be hanged. Just before his execution, he praises Vere with his final words, singing "Starry Vere, God bless you!" The sentiment is echoed by the rest of the crew.

    Vere, as an old man, remembers Billy's burial at sea, reflecting that the man he failed to save has instead saved him. He recalls Billy's blessing, realizing that he has discovered genuine goodness and can finally be at peace with himself.


    • Billy Budd - Teddy Tahu Rhodes
    • Vere - William Burden
    • Claggart - Peter Rose
    • Mr. Redburn - Richard Stilwell
    • Mr. Flint - Timothy Nolen
    • Lieutenant Ratcliffe - John Stephens
    • Dansker - Thomas Hammons
    • Novice - Keith Jameson
    • Donald - Lucas Meachem
    • Maintop - Matthew Tuell
    • Red Whiskers - John Duykers
    • Conductor - Edo de Waart
    • Director - Paul Curran
    • Scenic Designer - Robert Innes Hopkins
    • Costume Designer - Robert Innes Hopkins
    • Lighting Designer - Rick Fisher