The Santa Fe Opera

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John Crosby historical photo with antique car in Santa Fe mountains

Our History


A Storied History

Given the current expansive grounds, it can be hard to remember that the Santa Fe Opera’s first spread was only 76 sparsely developed acres. Previous incarnations had included a pinto bean plantation, a mink farm and a pig farm. When founder John O. Crosby first visited, it was a rustic but comfortable guest ranch that had welcomed many musical luminaries — including conductors Efrem Kurtz, Fritz Reiner, Joseph Rosenstock and Herbert von Karajan, and the married duo of soprano Lily Pons and conductor André Kostelanetz.

When Crosby took over the property in September 1956 on an initial three-year lease, it was thanks to a $200,000 investment from his parents, Aileen O’Hea Crosby and Laurence Crosby. From then on, the organization has marched through time showing accomplishments and meeting challenges — always guided by fiscal discipline, steered by constant strategic planning and devoted always to uncompromising creative values.

Through the years, one thing has stayed the same, even as the grounds have grown and new buildings have sprung up: the unparalleled acoustics. They are as fine today as when Crosby and acoustician Jack Purcell rode over the grounds in a Jeep — or as some oral history has it, on horses — and fired guns (or perhaps a yacht cannon) to find the ideal sonic “bowl” in which to site the house.

Those acoustics have served a vastly varied and still growing repertory: some 2,000 performances of nearly 180 operas by 90 composers, including 18 world premieres, 45 American premieres, and almost every opera by Richard Strauss, to whose works Crosby was devoted. Since the 2019 Season, the Santa Fe Opera has presented four new works: The Thirteenth Child (2019), The Lord of Cries (2021), M. Butterfly (2022) and Nico Muhly’s world premiere orchestration of Monteverdi’s Orfeo (2023). In the 2024 Season, the company will present its 19th world premiere, The Righteous by Gregory Spears and Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Tracy K. Smith.

The Santa Fe Opera’s site is like no other. Early on, TIME magazine called the complex “one of the handsomest operatic settings in the Western Hemisphere.” To The New Yorker, it is a “miracle in the desert.” More recently, The Washington Post dubbed it a “shining white cloud in the red hills.” And the Philadelphia Inquirer has lauded it as “one of the most beloved venues in the country.” With recent major renovations now completed, such tributes carry even more power.

theater with glowing lights at night with hills in background

Santa Fe’s objectives are distinctly American, and by making opera more compelling and more relevant,
it has changed the map of musical America

Phillip Huscher

2022 International Opera Awards Festival of the Year logo

In 2022, the Santa Fe Opera was recognized as Festival of the Year at the International Opera Awards ceremony held at the historic Teatro Real in Madrid, Spain. The company was additionally honored to be nominated in the World Premiere category for its 2022 Season production of M. Butterfly 蝴蝶君 by Huang Ruo and David Henry Hwang. Two 2022 Season artists, M. Butterfly 蝴蝶君 director James Robinson and The Barber of Seville conductor Iván López Reynoso were also celebrated as nominees in the Director and Rising Talent categories.

The Vision Carries On

Crosby’s vision of starting an opera company to give American singers an opportunity to learn and perform new roles in a setting that allowed ample time to rehearse and prepare each production has been a success. At the same time, a program for young singers who were in transition from academic to professional life, the Apprentice Program for Singers, began. More than 1,500 aspiring singers have participated in the program. Many are professional performers; others are teachers and coaches at major opera companies and universities. In 1965, the Apprentice Program for Theater Technicians was added, and it too has become an important training tool.

John O. Crosby was succeeded as General Director by Richard Gaddes in 2000, who was the General Director of Opera Theatre of Saint Louis, Artistic Administrator of the Santa Fe Opera and President of Grand Center, St. Louis. During Mr. Gaddes’ tenure in Santa Fe, he implemented a wide range of new programming, including community-based productions in the off-season and simulcasts at a park in downtown Santa Fe. He retired following the 2008 Season when Charles MacKay, then General Director of Opera Theatre of Saint Louis, became the third General Director in the Santa Fe opera’s history. During his tenure, MacKay brought numerous significant works to Santa Fe and worked in collaboration with several opera companies across the United States on co-productions, some of which have been American or world premieres of new operas. The Santa Fe Opera presented five world premieres during MacKay’s tenure, including Cold Mountain by Jennifer Higdon (2015) and The (R)evolution of Steve Jobs by Mason Bates (2017). In 2018, Robert K. Meya succeeded Mr. MacKay to become the company’s fourth General Director in its 62-year history. Prior to his new appointment, Meya served as the opera’s Director of External Affairs. When accepting his appointment as General Director, Meya named Alexander Neef as the opera’s first Artistic Director and appointed Harry Bicket, Santa Fe Opera’s Chief Conductor since 2013 and Artistic Director of The English Concert, to be the company’s Music Director. In fall of 2023, the company announced contract extensions for Meya, through 2028, and Bicket, through 2026.

The Santa Fe Opera has a wide array of education and community engagement programs to make opera accessible and appealing to a broad spectrum of the New Mexico population. The 2023 Season marked the 50th anniversary of the Pueblo Opera Program, serving Native American youth from 19 pueblos and three reservations in the state.

The opera has become one of New Mexico’s cultural and economic leaders. Its reputation attracts thousands of patrons each year, and its impact on the New Mexico economy has been calculated at more than $200 million each year.